The Lephalale area falls in the summer rain region with an average annual rainfall of 350 – 400mm. During summer time average sunshine duration is 65%, and the temperature varies around 32°C. The sunshine duration throughout the winter months is as high as 80% while the temperature various around 21°C. The pleasant moderate summer evenings are most suitable for outdoor life. During winter months the bushveld attracts tourists and hunters from all over.
The subjacent geology of the Lephalale region consist of quartzite sandstone of the Waterberg Super Group in the south whilst Karoo Super Group is found to the north and east, consisting of sandstone and shale. Large coal deposits are found in the area. All the rivers, including the most prominent Mokolo and Palala rivers drain northwards into the Limpopo river.